A selected list of tsetse publications

Barrett, K. and Okali, C. (1998). Partnerships for Tsetse Control – Community Participation and Other Options. World Animal Review 90, 39-46.

Bauer, B., Amsler de la Fosse, S., Clausen, P.H., Kabore, I. & Petrich-Bauer, J. (1995). Successful application of deltamethrin pour-on to cattle in a campaign against tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) in the pastoral zone of Samorogouan, Burkina Faso. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 46, 183-189.

Bauer, B., Kabore, I. & Petrich-Bauer, J. (1992) The residual effect of deltamethrin Spot On when tested against Glossina palpalis gambiensis under fly chamber conditions. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology43, 38-40.

Bauer, B., Mayer, F. & Kabore, I. (1989). Effects of Flumethrin pour-on against Glossina palpalis gambiensis (Diptera: Glossinidae) during releases in a fly proof stable. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 40, 478-479.

Baylis, M. (1996) Effect of defensive behaviour by cattle on the feeding success and nutritional state of the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 86, 329-336.

Baylis, M. & Stevenson, P. (1998) Trypanosomiasis and tsetse control with insecticidal pour-ons – fact or fiction? Parasitology Today 14, 77-82.

Baylis, M. Mbwabi, A.L. & Stevenson, P. (1994). The feeding success of tsetse flies, Glossina pallidipes Austen (Diptera: Glossinidae) on oxen treated with pyrethroid pour-ons at Galana Ranch, Kenya. Bulletin of Entomological Research 84, 447-452.

Baylis, M. & Nambiro, C.O. (1993). The responses of Glossina pallidipes and G. longipennis (Diptera: Glossinidae) to odour-baited traps and targets at Galana Ranch, south-eastern Kenya. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 83, 145-151.

Brightwell R., Dransfield, R.D., Kyorku, C., Golder, T. K., Tarimo, S.A., & Mungai, D. (1987). A new trap for Glossina pallidipes. Tropical Pest Management, 33, 151-189.

Brightwell, B., Dransfield, B., Maudlin, I., Stevenson, P., and Shaw, A. (2001). Reality v. Rhetoric – a Survey and Evaluation of Tsetse Control in East Africa. Agriculture and Human Values 18, 219-233.

Bruce, D. (1896). Further report on the tsetse fly disease or nagani in Zululand. Harrision and Sons, London

Bruce, D., Hamerton, A.E., Bateman, H.R. & Mackie, F.P. (1909). The development of Trypanosoma gambiense in Glossina palpalis. Proceedings of the Royal Society (series B) 81, 405-414.

Bursell, E., Gough, A.J.E., Beevor, P.S., Cork, A., Hall, D.R. and Vale, G.A. (1988). Identification of components of cattle urine attractive to tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 78, 281-291. 

Bursell, E. & Taylor, P. (1980). An energy budget for Glossina (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 70, 187-196.

Busvine, J.R. (1971). A critical review of the techniques for testing inecticides.-2nd edn, 345 pp. Farnham Royal , UK, Commonealth Agricultural Bureau.

Castellani, A. (1903). On the discovery of a species of Trypanosoma in the cerebrospinal fluid of cases of sleeping sickness. Proceedings of the Royal Society 71, 501-508.

Catley, A et al. (2001) Participatory diagnosis of a chronic wasting disease in cattle in southern Sudan. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 51,161-181.

Catley, A et al. (2002a) Participatory investigations of bovine trypanosomiasis in Tana River District Kenya. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 16, 55-66.

Catley, A & Marriner, J. (2002b). Where there is no data: Participatory approaches to veterinary epidemiology in pastoral areas of the Horn of Africa. IIED Dryland Programme Issues Paper no.110, IIED, London. Available here.

Challier, A. & Laveissiere, C. (1973). Un nonveau piege la capteur des glossines (Glossina: Diptera Muscidae). Description et essais sur le terrain. Cahiers ORSTOM. Serie Entomologie Medicale et Parasitologie11, 251-262.

Clausen, P. H., Adeyemi, I., Bauer, B., Breloeer, M., Salchow, F. & Staak, C. (1998). Host preferences of tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) based on bloodmeal identifications. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 12, 169-180.

Crump, A.J. & Brady, J. (1979). Circadian activity patterns in three species of tsetse fly: Glossina palpalis, austeni and morsitans. Physiological Entomology 4, 311-318.

DFID (1999). Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheet 4.10 Livelihoods Assets II. Available as a pdf file here .

DFID (1999) Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheet 2.3.1 Social Capital.

DFID (1999) Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets 4.9 Livelihoods Assets I, 4.10 Livelihoods Assets II and 4.11 Policy, Institutions and Processes. Available in pdf format here or rtf format here.

Doran, M. (2000). Socio-economics of trypanosomosis: Implications for control strategies with the common fly-belt of Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Bovine Trypanosomosis in Southern Africa - Volume 3. Regional Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Control Programme for Southern Africa, Harare. pp 156.

Dransfield, R.D. & Brightwell, R. (2004). Community participation in tsetse control: The principles, potential and practice. pp 523-536 in:- The Trypanosomiases (eds. I. Maudlin, P.H. Holmes & M.A. Miles). CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Ford, J. (1971). The role of the trypanosomiases in African ecology: A study of the tsetse fly problem. 568 pp. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK.

Geerts, S., Holmes P.H., Diall O. and Eisler, M.C. (2001). African Animal Trypanosomiasis: The Problem of Drug Resistance. Trends in Parasitology, 17, 25 – 28.

Gibson, G., Packer, M.J., Steullet, P. & Brady, J. (1991). Orientation of tsetse to wind, within and outside host odour plumes in the field. Physiological Entomology, 16, 47-56.

Gibson, G. & Torr, S.J. (1999). The responses of haematophaous Diptera to physical and olfactory host stimuli. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 13, 2-23.

Green, C.H. (1986). Effects of colours and synthetic odours on the attraction of Glossina pallidipes and G. morsitans morsitans to traps and screens. Physiological Entomology, 11, 411-421.

Green, C.H. (1988). The effect of colour in trap- and screen-orientated responses in Glossina palpalis palpalis (Robineau-Desvoidy)(Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 78, 591-604.

Green, C.H. (1989). The use of two-coloured screens for catching Glossina palpalis palpalis (Robineau-Desvoidy)(Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 79, 81-93.

Green, C.H. (1990). The effect of colour on the numbers, age and nutritional status of Glossina tachinoides (Diptera: Glossinidae) attracted to targets. Physiological Entomology, 15, 317-329.

Green, C.H. (1994). Baits methods for tsetse fly control. Advances in Parasitology, 34, 229-291.

Green, C.H. & Cosens, D. (1983). Spectral responses of the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans. Journal of Insect Physiology, 29, 795-800.

Green, C.H. & Flint, S. (1986). An analysis of colour effects in the performance of the F2 trap against G. pallidipes Austen and G. morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 76, 409-418.

Hall, D.R., Beevor, P.S., Cork, A., Nesbitt, B.F. and Vale, G.A. (1984). 1-Octen-3-ol. A potent olfactory stimulant and attractant for tsetse isolated from cattle odours. Insect Science and its Application, 5, 335-339. 

Hargrove, J.W. (1988) The limits to population growth. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 2, 203-217.

Hargrove, J.W. (1991) Ovarian ages of tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae) caught from mobile and stationary baits in the presince and absence of humans. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 81, 43-50.

Hargrove, J.W. (1980). The effect of model size and ox odour on the alighting responses of Glossina morsitans Westwood and G. pallidipes Austen (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 70, 229-234.

Hargrove, J. W. (1999) Reproductive abnormalities in field tsetse flies in Zimbabwe. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 92, 89-99.

Hargrove, J. W. (2000). A theoretical study of the invasion of cleared areas by tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 90, 201-209.

Hargrove, J.W. (2003). Tsetse population dynamics. Unpublished paper. pp 48.

Hargrove, J.W. & Brady, J. (1992). Activity rhythms of tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) (Diptera Glossinidae) at low and high temperatures in nature. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 82, 321-326.

Hargrove, J.W & Langley, P.A. (1990). Sterilizing tsetse in the field - a successful trial. Bulletin of Entomological Research 80, 397-403.

Hargrove, J.W., Holloway, M.T.P., Vale, G.A., Gough, A.J.E. and Hall, D.R. (1995). Catches of tsetse (Glossina spp.) (Diptera: Glossinidae) from traps and targets baited with large doses of natural and synthetic host odour. Bulletin of Entomological Research 85, 215-227.

Hargrove, J. W., Omolo Silas, Msalilwa, J.S.I. & Fox, B. (2000) Insecticide-treated cattle for tsetse control: the power and the problems. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 14, 123-130.

Hargrove, J.W., Torr, S.J. & Kindness, H.M. (2003). Insecticide-treated cattle against tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae): what governs success? Bulletin of Entomological Research, 93, 203-217.

Holloway, M.T.P. & Phelps, R.J. (1991) The responses of Stomoxys spp (Diptera Muscidae) to traps and artificial host odours in the field. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 81, 51-55.

Jaenson, T.G.T., Barreto dos Santos, R.C. and Hall, D.R. (1991). Attraction of Glossina longipalpis (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Guinea-bisseau to odor-baited biconical traps. Journal of Medical Entomology, 22, 284-286. 

Kamuanga, M. (2003). Socio-Economic and Cultural Factors in the research and Control of Trypanosomiasis. PAAT Technical and Scientific Series 4, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Kappmeier, K. & Nevill, E.M. (1999). Evaluation of conventional odour attractants for Glossina brevipalpis and Glossina austeni (Diptera: Glossinidae) in South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 66, 307-316.

Kappmeier, K. (2000). A newly developed odour-baited "H trap" for the live collection of Glossina brevipalpis and Glossina austeni (Diptera : Glossinidae) in South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 67, 15-26.

Kappmeier, K. (2000). Diurnal activity patterns of Glossina brevipalpis and G. austeni (Diptera: Glossinidae) in South Africa, with reference to season and and meteorological factors. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 67, 179-189.

Kyorku, C. & Brady, J. (1994). A free-running bimodal circadian rhythm in the tsetse fly Glossina longipennis. Journal of Insect Physiology 40, 63-67.

Lancien, J. & Gouteux, J.P. (1987). Le piege pyramidal a mouche tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae). Afrique Medicale 26, 647 – 652.

Leach, T.M. and Roberts, C.J. (1981). Present status of chemotherapy and chemoprophylaxis of animal trypanosomiasis in the Eastern hemisphere. Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 13, 91 - 147.

Leak, S.G.A. (1998). Tsetse biology and ecology: their role in the epidemiology and control of trypanosomosis. CABI Publishing. Oxford and New York. 568pp.

Leak, S.G.A., Mulatu, W., Rowlands, G.J. & D’Ieteran, G.D.M. (1995) A trial of cypermethrin ‘pour-on’ insecticide to control Glossina pallidipes, G. fuscipes and G. morsitans submorsitans in south-west Ethiopia. Bulletin of Entomological Research 85, 241-251.

Makumi, J.N., Stevenson, P. & Green, C.H. (2000). Control of Glossina longipennis (Diptera: Glossinidae) by insecticide-treated targets at Galana Ranch, Kenya, and confirmation of the role of G. longipennis as a vector of cattle trypanosomiasis. Bulletin of Entomological Research 90, 397-406.

Mangwiro, T.N.C., Torr, S.J., Cox, J.R. & Holloway M.T.P. (1999). The efficacy of various pyrethroid insecticides for use on odour-baited targets to control tsetse. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 13, 315-323.

Mérot, P., Filledier, J. & Mulato, C. (1988). Pouvoir attractif, pour Glossina tachinoides, de produits chimiques isolés des odeurs animales. Révue d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 41, 79-85.

Mihok, S. (2002). The development of a multipurpose trap (the Nzi) for tsetse and other biting flies. Bulletin of Entomological Research 92, 385-403.

Minjauw, B. and McLeod, A. (2001). Epidemiology and economics of tick-borne diseases and its effects on the livelihoods of the poor in east and southern Africa and India. DFID Report. 73pp.

Modo, S. (1999). Odour attractants for the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans centralis Machado in Botswana. M.Sc. thesis, University of Zimbabwe.

Mwangelwa, M.I., Dransfield, R.D., Otieno, L.H. & Mbata, K.J. (1995). The responses of Glossina fuscipes fuscipes Newstead to odour attractants and traps. Journal of African Zoology 109, 23-30.

Politzar, H. & Mérot, P. (1984). Attraction of the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans submorsitans to acetone, 1-octen-3-ol, and the combination of these compounds in West Africa. Révue d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 37, 468-473.

Phelps, R.J. & Holloway, M.T.P. (1992) Catches of Tabanidae in response to visual and odour attractants in Zimbabwe. Journal of African Zoology, 106, 371-380.

Rogers, D.J. (1974) Natural regulation and movement of tsetse fly populations. In: Les Moyens de Lutte contre les Trypanosomes et leur Vecteurs, pp.35-38. Paris: Institut Elevage Medicale Veteriniraire Pays Tropicale. 387 pp.

Rogers, D.J. (1988). A general model for the African trypanosomiases. Parasitology 97, 193-212.

Rogers, D. J. & Randolph, S. E. (1984) A review of density-dependent processes in tsetse populations. Insect Science and its Application, 5, 397-402.

Rogers, D.J. & Randolph S.E. (1985) Population ecology of tsetse. Annual Review of Entomology, 30, 197-216.

Rogers, D.J. & Randolph, S.E. (1990) Estimation of rates of predation on tsetse. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 4, 195-204.

Rogers, D. J., Randolph, S. E. & Kuzoe, F. A. S. (1984) Local variation in the population dynamics of Glossina palpalis palpalis (Robineau-Desvoidy) (Diptera: Glossinidae). I. Natural population regulation. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 74, 403-423.

Rowland, G.J., Leak, S.G.A, Mulatu, W., Nagda, S.M., Wilson, A. & d’Ieteren, G.D.M. (2001) Use of deltamethrin ’pour-on’ insecticide for the control of cattle trypanosomosis in the presence of high tsetse invasion. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 15, 87-96.

Salmon, J. & Barrett, J.C. (1994). Social issues in animal trypanosomiasis control. Tropical Science 34, 191-202.

Stachurski, F., J. Bouyer and F. Bouyer. (2006) La lutte contre les ectoparasites des bovins par pédiluve : une méthode innovante utilisée en zone péri-urbaine sub-humide du Burkina Faso. Revue d’Elevage et de Médicine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux 58, 221-228.

Swallow, B.M. & Woudyalew, M. (1994). Evaluating willingness to contribute to a local public good - application of contingent valuation to tsetse control in Ethiopia. Ecological Economics 11, 153-161

Tarimo, S.A., Snow, F.W., Butler, L. & Dransfield, R. (1985). The probability of tsetse acquiring trypanosome infection from single blood meal in different localities in Kenya. Acta Tropica 42, 199-207.

Thompson, J.W., Mitchel, M., Rees R.B., Shereni, W., Scoenfield, A.H. & Wilson, A. (1991). Studies on the efficacy of deltamethrin applied to cattle for the control of tsetse flies (Glossina spp) in southern Africa. Tropical Animal Health & Production 23, 221-226.

Thomson, M. (1987). The effect on tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) of deltamethrin applied to cattle either as a spray or incorporated into ear-tags. Tropical Pest Management, 33, 329-335.

Torr, S.J. (1985). The susceptibility of Glossina pallidipes Austen (Diptera: Glossinidae) to insecticide deposits on targets. Bulletin of Entomological Research 75, 451-458.

Torr, S.J. (1990). Dose responses of tsetse flies (Glossina) to carbon dioxide, acetone and octenol in the field. Physiological Entomology, 15, 93-103.

Torr, S., Eisler, M., Coleman, P., Morton, J. & Machila, N. (2002). Integrated control of ticks and tsetse: A report for the DFID Advisory and Support services Commission (Project ZV0151; NRI code V0160). 150pp.

Torr, S.J., Hall, D.R. and Smith, J.L. (1995). Responses of tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to natural and synthetic ox odours. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 85, 157-166. 

Torr, S.J., Hall, D.R., Phelps, R.J. & Vale, G.A. (1997). Methods for dispensing odour attractants for tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 87, 299-311. 

Torr, S.J. & Hargrove, J.W. (1999). Behaviour of tsetse (Diptera : Glossinidae) during the hot season in Zimbabwe: the interaction of micro-climate and reproductive status. Bulletin of Entomological Research89, 365-379.

Torr, S.J., Holloway, M.T.P. & Vale, G.A. (1992). Improved persistence of insecticide deposits on targets for controlling Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 82, 525-533.

Torr, S.J., Mangwiro, T.N.C. & Hall, D.R. (1996). Responses of tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to synthetic repellents in the field. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86, 609-616.

Torr, S.J. & Mangwiro, T.N.C. (2000) Interactions between cattle and biting flies: effects on the feeding rate of tsetse. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 14, 400-409.

Torr, S.J., Wilson, P.J., Schofield, S., Mangwiro, T.N.C., Akber, S. & White, B.N. (2001). Application of DNA markers to identify the individual-specific hosts of tsetse feeding on cattle. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 15, 78-86.

Torr, S.J., Maudlin, I. & Vale, G.A. (2007). Less is more: restricted application of insecticide to improve the cost and efficacy of tsetse control. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 21, 53-64.

Torr, S.J., Prior, A., Wilson, P.J. & Schofield, S. (2007). Is there safety in numbers? The effect of cattle herding on biting risk from tsetse flies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 15, 78-86.

Vale, G.A. (1974a). New field methods for studying the response of tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to baits. Bulletin of Entomological Research 64, 199-208.

Vale, G. A. (1974b). The response of tsetse flies (Diptera; Glossinidae) to mobile and stationary baits. Bulletin of Entomological Research 64, 545-587.

Vale, G.A. (1977). Feeding responses of tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to stationary hosts. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 67, 635-649.

Vale, G.A. (1977b). Field responses of tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to odours of men, lactic acid and carbon dioxide. Bulletin of Entomological Research 69, 459-467.

Vale, G.A. (1993). Development of baits for tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Zimbabwe. Journal of Medical Entomology 30, 831-842.

Vale, G.A. (1999). Responses of tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to vegetation inZimbabwe: implications for population distribution and bait siting. Bulletin of Entomological Research 88, Supplement 1, S7-S59.

Vale, G.A. & Grant, I.F. (2001). Modelled impact of insecticide-contaminated dung on the abundance and distribution of dung fauna. Bulletin of Entomological Research 92, 251-263.

Vale, G.A. & Hall, D.R. (1985a). The role of l-octen-3-ol, acetone and carbon dioxide in the attraction of tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae), to ox odour. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 75, 209-217. 

Vale, G.A. & Hall, D.R. (1985b). The use of l-octen-3-ol, acetone and carbon dioxide to improve baits for tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 75, 219-231.

Vale, G. A. & Hargrove, J.W. (1979). A method for studying the efficiency of traps for tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) and other insects. Bulletin of Entomological Research 69, 183-193.

Vale, G.A. & Torr, S.J. (2005) User-friendly models of the costs and efficacy of tsetse control: application to sterilizing and insecticidal techniques. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 19, 293-305.

Vale, G.A., Hall, D,R, & Gough, A.J.E. (1988) The olfactory responses of tsetse flies Glossina spp. (Diptera:Glossinidae) to phenols and urine in the field. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 78, 293-300.

Vale,G.A., Hursey, B.S., Hargrove, J.W., Torr, S.J. & Allsopp, R. (1984). The use of small plots to study populations of tsetse (Diptera:Glossinidae). Insect Science and its Application, 5, 403-410.

Vale, G.A., Flint, S. and Hall, D.R. (1986). The field responses of tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae), to odours of host residues. Bulletin of Entomological Research 76, 685-693.

Vale, G.A., Hall, D.R. and Gough, A.J.E. (1988a). The olfactory responses of tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae), to phenols and urine in the field. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 78, 293-300.

Vale, G.A., Lovemore, D.F., Flint, S. & Cockbill, G.F. (1988b) Odour-baited targets to control tsetse flies, Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Zimbabwe. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 78, 31-49.

Vale, G.A., Mutika, G. & Lovemore, D.F. (1999). Insecticide-treated cattle for controlling tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae): some questions answered, many posed. Bulletin of Entomological Research 89, 569-578.

Van den Bossche, P. and Mudenge, D. (1999). The effect of short-interval deltamethrin applications to control tsetse on the seroprevalncen of babesiosis in cattle. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 31, 215-222.

Vickerman, K. (1978). Antigenic variation in trypanosomes. Nature 273, 613-617.

Warnes, M. L., Van den Bossche, P., Chihiya, J, Mudenge, D., Robinson, T.P., Shereni, W. & Chadenga, V. (1999) Evaluation of insecticide-treated cattle as a barrier to re-invasion of tsetse to cleared areas in northeastern Zimbabwe. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 13, 177-184.

Woolhouse, M.E.J., Hargrove, J.W. & McNamara, J.J. (1993). Epidemiology of trypanosome infestations of the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes in the Zambezi Valley. Parasitology 106, 479-485.

Young, M.D (1999) “Maintaining Harmony: Equitable and Efficient Means to minimise Adverse Impacts of Livestock on the Environment”. Unpublished paper attached to FAO Livestock Environment Toolbox.

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